My brand new iMac and the bug I discovered. Is it really a bug, or a feature? MacHeads, chime in!

OK, Mac fanatics - here's something to chew on.  I recently made the switch on my home, personal computer from a PC to Mac.  After 30 years on this earth - and every one of my computing years spent in front of a PC - my Mac loving friends finally convinced me it was time to make the switch.  The programs that come with the Mac by default are superior to the ones I paid hundreds of dollars to add onto my PC, especially when it comes to video, image and audio manipulation and editing - something of paramount importance for a broadcast meteorologist who's always out in the community and grabbing video of events from clouds, to kids, to charity events.

What I'm coming to realize is the true subculture that exists - or, perhaps, now it's big enough to simply be the full-fledged culture - around the Mac.  For the love of Mac, for the passion of Mac, for the obsession of Mac - call it what you will, but your Mac becomes a part of your life.  I was given the hint to hold out for an iMac redesign by my buddy and fellow Cornellian, Jeff, and sure enough the rumors he'd heard on Mac forums and websites bore fruit.  I delayed my purchase in the spring based upon his information that had been circulating the internet, and when the redesign came out two weeks ago, I was as grateful as a new-coming Mac owner could be...I have the newest, bestest iMac around.  That was only the beginning for me - the start of my venture into MacLand, and the start of my own curiosity, wonder, and amazement of all that is Mac.  My curiosity peaked in the last 3 days and today, my Mac-Head buddy Ted said, "You HAVE to blog about your experience!"

It hardly seemed interesting to blog about a bug I discovered on my brand new iMac.  In fact, I was somewhat dismayed that an expensive piece of equipment would exhibit such a basic and rudimentary error.  For as basic as this error seemed, however, there are thoughts swirling that it could, perhaps, be the tip of an iceberg to something more complex and indicative of what lay beneath the surface.  Here's the situation:  ITunes starts by itself.  "I've heard that before," you say.  Me too.  I Googled it and found that, for years, folks have had occasional problems with ITunes starting as soon as the computer loaded, sometimes even playing a song.  But this is different.  I could re-create this.  ITunes starts by itself under a very specific circumstance - when you physically tap the desk, the computer, or the floor around it.  Even a large enough truck driving by on the street outside can start ITunes.  If you tap the desk once, Itunes opens.  Tap the desk again, it starts playing a song.  Usually the song that was last played.

"Surely, there must be an easy, mechanical explanation," this lifelong PC owner figured.  I tried turning off the wireless keyboard.  Still happened.  I tried taking the batteries out of the keyboard entirely.  Still happened.  I disposed of all widgets.  Still happened.  I disconnected the TomTom GPS that was affixed to the USB port.  Still happened.  I let the computer go into Sleep Mode - happened one time, but mostly didn't happen.  But about 50% of the time I tapped the desk, Itunes started, then started playing a song when I tapped again.

So, I did what any not-yet-obsessed Mac owner would do:  I called AppleCare support.  They were awesome.  They weren't awesome because they fixed the problem, but rather, because they truly cared.  The first technician listened to my explanation, and seemed intrigued, but once he actually heard me bang the desk through the phone and the music start playing immediately thereafter, his excitement boiled over.  "This is totally new!  I've never heard of this!  I'm sending you up to the next level!"  After about 5 minutes, on came the next technician: super-friendly, apologizing for the short wait, and interested in hearing more about the problem.  Soon, she would orchestrate generation of a system log and confirmed she could indeed see that iTunes had started several times (about 10) just in the last couple of hours.  I explained that was because I was tapping the desk.  She was equally excited as her colleague.  "I'm sending this right up to the Engineers.  They'll review this and spend a good two or three days on it, and we'll get back to you.  In my years on this staff, I've never heard one like this."  We laughed about how she could use my quality-control recording for the Christmas Party, or how funny it'd be if I'd started my webcam so she could have video of me banging the desk.  She did, however, have me update my Operating System to 10.6.2 from 10.6.1.  And guess what?  That solved the issue, at least for now.  I've been unable to re-create what was an easily re-creatable issue.

For this what-you-see-is-what-you-get PC guy, that would have been the end of the story.  Finished and fixed.  Something weird, but move on.  In Mac World, however, this raises a whole new bed of questions, hypotheses and intrigue.  WHY did it do this in the first place?  HOW is it possible that a nearby tap could somehow start iTunes, and a subsequent tap could start a song playing?  And, pending a recurrence of the problem, WHY OR HOW in the WORLD could an OS update *solve* this issue?!?!  OK, MacHeads.  Expand my mind.  Teach me the way of the Mac culture.  Enthrall me.  Add that fourth dimension to my world and shift my paradigm.  Did we just uncover something new and exciting in my living room?  A sign of...not a bug...but perhaps, a feature to come?  Or should I stick to my 2-D and occasionally graphics-card-enhanced 3D world, and assume it was just a strange bug?

Comment on this post and help me to understand...and I'll keep updating with info!

Update:  Some excellent points and questions coming in already.  NO plugins were installed (, etc.).  Also, Customer Support had me ensure all speech and other recognition features were disabled.

NOAA Proposes Interim Northeast Groundfish Rules

NOAA is proposing measures to govern Northeast groundfish fisheries beginning May 1, 2009, the start of the new fishing year. The measures strive to reduce overfishing, continue rebuilding of groundfish stocks, and provide more options for fishing businesses trying to mitigate the economic effects of the measures while the New England Fishery Management Council finalizes a major revision to the fishery management plan.

Continue reading "NOAA Proposes Interim Northeast Groundfish Rules" »

January 4, 2008: Sunday Evening Prospectus

A pattern reconfiguration is set to transpire on the planetary scale as the position of the troughs and ridges shifts to bring ridging back to the Eastern Pacific and Western North America, and troughing rebuilds to the Eastern half of the United States.  All the while, the atmosphere will retain below normal heights across most of Central and Southern Canada, with the deepest negative anomalies developing over the Eastern United States.  The result will be frequent visits from anomalously cold air, and the potential for winter weather when strong shortwaves can intensify quickly enough to develop closed circulations and tap Atlantic moisture. That's in the medium to long range - in the more immediate future, a quick-moving low brings some interest early Monday, and a more meaningful storm appears on tap for Tuesday night and Wednesday.

A quick warm front/cold front progression associated with an open surface wave is moving east, with current radar imagery showing the convective clusters moving east ahead of a prefrontal trough.  These clusters are fueled by weak cyclonic vorticity advection in the mid-levels, and the best dynamic lift pushes through Western and Northern New England Monday morning.  This keeps the best chance of early morning precipitation from CT (esp. Western) through Western MA, then east along and/or north of the Route 2 corridor of Northern MA.  Temperatures throughout the column are below freezing in the North Country, where light snow will fall.  850 temperatures are above zero south of this, however, while surface temperatures will be below freezing owing to the combination of an antecedent cold airmass and a light gradient wind limiting the potential for surface warm advection.  This ends up meaning light freezing rain for Central/Western New England on Monday morning, then the precip will end as dynamic lift diminishes, and more importantly, cold advection begins.

The shot of cold that follows is the result of a strengthening gradient flow between the large low northeast of the St. Lawrence, and the high building northeast across the Ohio Valley.  This high moves over New England on Tuesday, and though it will initially hold the cold by increasing the barometric pressure and subsidence while cold air is in place following the antecedent cold advection, the overall motion of this high doesn't really favor deep cold holding on, considering it's approaching from the southwest, then weakening as it moves over and northeast of New England. 

This leaves the next southern stream charged shortwave a bit short-handed when it comes to deep cold air to crank out snow later Tuesday night into Wednesday.  There's also plenty of indication that the northern and southern streams have trouble phasing until later in the game, meaning the moisture feed of deepest moisture and therefore highest precipitation amounts stay a bit east of New England.  Still, even if this doesn't change in the days to come, there will be a surge of warm and moist advection into the cold dome for a swath of accumulating snow from south to north Tuesday night.  There's concern for a change to freezing rain and sleet for the interior, and this will depend heavily on the strength and track of the low - the ECMWF is quicker to intensify the system and takes it very close to the coastline, which would favor developing a north and northeast wind through the interior to hold the cold for icing, but at this point is largely alone in such a scenario.  Nonetheless, winter weather will greet many on Wednesday morning, and the North Country will likely see significant snow as the low winds up and the mid-level front slows over the North Country.

Another shot of cold comes Thursday and Friday with the gradient between departing low and approaching high.  At the same time, a strong shortwave rotates through the base of the trough, acting as a fast-moving clipper that will intensify dramatically south of New England late Thursday.  At this point, it would appear development occurs too far south to affect New England, but this is subject to the evolution of the longwave pattern, especially in relation to the Wednesday storm's intensity and track.

A similar strong shortwave will be tracked for next weekend, but even greater uncertainty exists as to the longwave pattern, and therefore any potential track of this system.


December 18, 2008: Friday frenzy of snow en route

The Friday Frenzy looks poised to unfold for Southern New England.  Last night's technical discussion can be found on this page (below) and a new, complete General Weather Summary was issued moments ago with embedded video.  See the "General Weather Summary" link toward the top of this page to access it.

Be sure to check back here to utilize the radar and other observation links here during the storm, and find updates and video on our NECN Weather Team blog, too, at!


December 17, 2008: An in-depth look at the normally unfavorable pattern for storms that suddenly is so favorable for snow

Thanks for checking back in - a late post explained yesterday, pressed for time lately but wanted to pound something meaningful out before retiring for an early arrival and plenty of forecasting in the morning.  The current weather pattern continues to astound me, as it's virtually the opposite signals one would normally expect for a storm.  The NAO (North Atlantic Oscillation) is strongly positive, while the PNA (Pacific North America Pattern) is strongly negative.  I've seen such a pattern evolve a few times in the past, though, when unfavorable planetary longwave patterns actually become so extreme, that they can bring storms, nonetheless.  Consider that a positive NAO pattern features a large trough from Eastern Canada to Greenland, with strong negative height anomalies, and a large, anomalously strong ridge over the Atlantic.  If the trough gets deep enough, and the ridge gets strong enough, this means fast southwest to northeast flow heading into the Eastern Seaboard, and excellent baroclinicity.  Similarly, a negative PNA implies a Pacific Northwest or West Coast trough, and a warm anomaly in the Southeastern United States.  Combined, these two parameters, if strongly "unfavorable" enough (like they are now), bring a pattern in which a replenishing West Coast trough launches shortwaves northeast in a fast southwest/northeast jet stream flow that moves just south of New England.  Sound familiar?  This is the reason that in my discussions and the "White Christmas Probability" forecasts I wasn't really excited about long term potential, but didn't give up the ship and in fact kept the chance for a White Christmas at better than 50% for even the big cities of Southern New England.  I have to admit that while I saw potential in this pattern, I was ready to give up on it by this past Sunday.  Without power since Thursday night, I hadn't looked at a single guidance product all weekend and heard the talk that there was no chance of snow in sight.  I came into work on Monday morning ready to concede and slash probabilities...until I looked at the guidance!  What a delight I saw in the longwave pattern!

A small slice of that delight was delivered to my driveway, which I just finished snowblowing, today.  Three and a half inches of delight.  I let the freezing drizzle work its crusty magic, then blew it all off, in hopes of getting some melting with sunshine and above freezing temps on Thursday.  I also made sure to push the snow extra far off of the driveway, to leave plenty of room for the NEW snow that's on the way.

This entire setup is exciting and dynamic from a meteorological perspective.  The thought of strong Pacific disturbances responsible for mudslides and record cold rain in Southern Cali making their way virtually untouched across the nation and heading toward New England is intriguing enough.  To combine that with record cold in the Rockies and Plains, and bubbling warmth up the Eastern Seaboard, is the icing on the cake, and provides the baroclinicity needed to turn an otherwise fast and flat flow into something far more exciting.  For the timebeing, it's important to remember the core of this pattern though - fast...flat...flow.  At least for now.  So as we gear up for a substantial snow on Friday, it's not going to be from a powerhouse storm that rages along the coastline.  Rather, this storm should be impressive for its snowfall intensity, delivering a swift and decisive snowy blow to New England, driven by isentropic lift caused by a tightening baroclinic zone that is capitalized upon by the Pacific energy.  Today's event was an excellent precursor: was there a storm today?  Yes, but it was quite weak.  Nonetheless, that defined storm center is what produced a cold air drainage north and northeast wind to keep icing conditions in Eastern New England.  Will there be a storm center with Friday's event?  Yes, again, but stronger than its predecessor.  Still, it's the airmass collision that will drive the snow as an arctic front losing some of its arctic characteristics settles south across New England on Thursday, losing definition after crossing the North Country, perhaps but still representing a flow of new cold that will seep southward.  As the Pacific energy approaches, warmth will be drawn northward, and the thermal gradient will be far more pronounced than this last time around, with New England on the cold side of this storm.  The result should not only be heavy snow cranking out on Friday, but also very cold temperatures in the 20s during this snow, and cold enough air for snow even at the coastline, including Boston, but perhaps excepting the South Coast and Cape Cod where a change to rain is likely given the onshore flow that persists and the east-northeast trajectory.  Though there are some differences in the handling of the system that do have me at least keeping my eyes wide open - namely, the NMM delayed and less intense with the precipitation - the best agreement is with the very similar solutions of the GFS, GGEM, and ECMWF.  All of these models carry plowable snow way into the North Country, and this seems wise given the mid-level warm advection that is forecasted by these products, and the fact that such mid-level warmth has evidenced itself as changes to sleet and freezing rain in the last few events, and while it may not change precipitation type this time, it will manifest itself in the form of a broad snow shield.  The NMM raises an eyebrow because it's essentially saying that the low level cold is so dry it will evaporate the precip before reaching the ground on the northern end, and reduce amounts elsewhere...also delaying arrival.  I am wary given the model's good handling of low level cold airmasses, but prefer the superior handling of the mid-level dynamics for now.

One interesting point here is that, while the vort crosses Southern New England and this supports intense upward vertical motion, especially when coupled with intense warm and moist advection, there is also some evidence of a center jump on Friday.  That should be enough to scare any meteorologist at least a little, because some of the most notorious over-forecasted snow events come in center-jump scenarios, where the vorticity maximum is moving so fast the surface low can't keep up, and a new one develops farther east.  This happens on Friday with one surface low left behind in Western PA, and the new one developing south of Long Island.  While that's all well and good because it brings an intensifying cyclonic circulation south of New England for intensifying warm and moist conveyor belt, plus an intensifying Atlantic easterly inflow, it also means that if the center jump occurs just a touch later, somebody (or lots of somebodies) aren't getting the snow they're supposed to.  Right now, this concern certainly is warranted given the speed of the vort max, but also has very little foundation given excellent agreement among the guidance on developing the new center quickly enough to do the job.  In fact, 12Z guidance suite of the Canadian Ensemble continues to come on board with the leading GFS forecast, expanding the precip field and increasing amounts.  Rather impressive that even the GGEM at 12Z had nearly an inch of melted QPF for Southern New Hampshire, with greater amounts through Northern and Central MA!

This is a big reason why I've had no qualms about mentioning a foot or more for some of us in New England - looks like Central and Southern New England - because the QPF is there even without the trend for increasing liquid.  With such cold antecedent conditions, this is unlikely to be a straight 10:1 or 13:1 ratio, and likely will verify at least in the deformation band as a 16 or 18:1.  I haven't analyzed the thermal profile yet (will tomorrow, of course) but it just makes sense to have a decent ratio given the cold in place to start, and the good warm advection that also may give us our ideal 850 mb conditions for sticky snowflakes that can grow quickly upon descent.  So, right off the bat we're talking a 16-18" snowfall if the 1" QPF verifies.  Now, I haven't thrown those specific numbers out there for the taking in my broadcasts yet, for the obvious reason that a center jump or southward shift like the NMM tries to paint means a big decrease in amounts.  Regardless, I don't think either of those will happen, but figure saying a foot plus is bold enough from two and three days out.

As for placement of the deformation band/heavy snow band, there's likely to be two different mechanisms for banding: 1) mid-level frontogenesis, and 2) surface coastal frontogenesis.  The former appears in recent runs to set up near the MA Turnpike, but given the propensity for a farther north and heavier handed distribution of precipitation, I am suspect it may verify in Northern MA to Southern NH.  Nonetheless, this intense isentropic lift will mean a band of forced ascent that will create efficient snowflake production, and increased QPF.  The coastal frontogenesis is unlikely to spell a rain/snow line from Boston northward, though may in Southeastern MA where more ocean fetch takes place.  Still, it will define the difference in ratios, and also will help to increase surface and low level convergence.  At some point, the mid-level deformation band and low level coastal front will intersect.  This is likely to be your highest snow total.  It's worth noting that there's good agreement on some .50-.70" amounts in only 6 hours from 18Z to 00Z Fri/Sat, and this implies snowfall rates of 1-2" per hour for an extended duration Friday afternoon and eve.  Plows will not be able to keep up with this, especially at the time of evening commute, and if this still looks as menacing in tomorrow's runs, it will be essential to encourage no afternoon travel plans in my casts on Friday morning.  Perhaps sooner, but that's a lot to ask of people and you want to have excellent confidence (utmost) before you suggest or request it.

Of course, this is only the first storm of the series, right?  The NAO remains abnormally positive while the PNA remains abnormally negative, and this means the same strangely active pattern persists with another storm threat Sunday, then again Tuesday.  One would think at least one of these storms will fail to verify - how often can you really pull the hat trick?  But then again, such a strong backwards New England storm planetary pattern just might be the one scenario you could actually do it in.

See you back here before too long.

Posts expected later today for multiple storm threats

I expect to post both a technical discussion here & a general one on NECN's, but I'm en route to another appearance now so it won't be until late afternoon or eve. Ironically, active weather often means I reschedule appearances to quiet days, which are days I normally would post fcsts about upcoming active weather! The catch 22 leaves me up against the wall for time, hence the delayed posts of late...not to mention the dying laptop, which failed to start yesterday but therefore should work today, based on my warped view of a 50/50 proposition...

7:45 PM Update:  General Weather Summary is out on  Technical discussion won't happen today - laptop is a no-go and desktop is painfully slow.  Will try to crank out a techie tomorrow on this site!!

A few changes...but otherwise on track

I've written a General Weather Summary on the WeatherNewEngland page that addresses and explains the few changes made to the forecast late this morning. The biggest implication is the northward shift of the sleet/snow cutoff, especially in NH. The link to my General Weather Summary page on the NECN blog can be found in the Weather link section at the top of this homepage. Enjoy a truly amazing storm...though for snow lovers, more snow in Central and Souther Louisiana and Mississippi than in Boston is a sad, sad reality!

Freezing rain for some south, sure...but one to two feet of snow in the North Country? Is this guy kidding?

121008_eta_2_temp_42 No joke...a major winter storm is on the way.  By the time you're done reading this, you'll know why I'm forecasting what I am, and we'll all sit back and see if nature can deliver.  This is a rather encyclopedic post, so sit back, relax, and continue reading...

Continue reading "Freezing rain for some south, sure...but one to two feet of snow in the North Country? Is this guy kidding?" »

New general weather discussion out...techie is forthcoming

Yesterday's technical discussion is below.  Today's general weather discussion on WeatherNewEngland is out and can be accessed by clicking the "Summary/Discussion" link in the Weather section above.  A new technical discussion to follow up from yesterday's will be out soon.  Working on it now.  -Matt

Very active and wavy front likely to bring widespread winter storm of varying precipitation types to New England

In the short range, we're locked, loaded and ready to fire.  In the medium range, the moving target is becoming more clear, and thankfully in a direction that makes some sense.

Let's start at the beginning - a nice burst of warm advection snow especially across Northern New England has continued to push northeast.  Now, the impressive Gulf of Mexico tap and its associated thunderstorms and heavy rain are pushing east, along with the strengthening low.  Not surprising to see that the NMM has slowed its frontal progression, though I think the initial instinct of the model to slide the front through very quickly is a testament to the strengthening of the anticyclone upstream that will be so important by the medium range.  Though the NMM was, as it appeared to be, too hasty in sliding this anticyclone east and southeast, it does do the best job with handling low level cold airmasses thanks to its higher resolution, and this dense cold air still looks as though it will slide in quickly behind the front, which is getting a push from the shortwave that races across Quebec later Wednesday.  Confluent flow follows the shortwave, and this favors sliding the high east, then holding it and strengthening it given confluence aloft.  Prefrontal, most of New England will find the strongest wind late Tuesday night into Wednesday morning.  Of course, there is an inversion present at about 960 mb most of Tuesday night, which rises to about 925 mb Wednesday morning, but even given this limited mixing, gusts to 45 and 50 mph remain possible through the period owing to a strong low level jet in advance of the front produced by a pronounced pressure gradient.  As the front nears, the low level jet slides east with the pressure gradient, meaning that the actual frontal passage Wednesday afternoon should bring slackening though shifting wind to blow from the northwest.  I've been carrying a chance for thunder in the forecast with the frontal passage, though am tempted to drop it.  Total totals climb to near 50, which is impressive, but lift doesn't look sufficiently deep to reach cold enough air for multiple active ice nuclei for lightning generation, except perhaps near the immediate South Coast.  Also worth noting is the time of heaviest precipitation - likely to occur either side of 18Z in most of New England as the front settles through, though early in the morning Northern New England and late in the day South Coast/Cape Cod.  It's at this point that the front slows substantially as shortwave ridging in advance of the digging trough over the Southeastern U.S. combines with the longwave ridge holding steady across the Western Atlantic to stop the front dead in its tracks.  Of course, this sets up the pathway for the intense and moisture-loaded system pulling northward.

This system has been the cause of great forecast uncertainty in the medium range as the guidance has struggled with how to handle the shortwave energy when it rounds the base of the longwave trough.  Slowest and most pronounced in the 00Z runs from last evening was the GFS, and quickest was the GGEM (Canadian).  I looked at all available guidance before the early morning shows, and had 00Z Friday low centers ranging from Louisiana to Nova Scotia!  In these moments of great uncertainty, a forecaster must rely on what they know at the simplest level, and that's the upper level pattern.  The Westerlies seemed too fast to allow the upper low to both close off AND drift south of the jet stream so substantially, not to mention this is climatologically quite an anomaly to forecast.  Therefore, the GFS solution was discounted and weighted the ECMWF forecast slightly toward the GGEM and the bulk of its Ensemble members (ie: slightly farther east/north and slightly more progressive).  This seems to be the path worth taking, at least for now, as the 12Z guidance came around nicely, though the GFS is still too laggard in its northeast acceleration of the vorticity maximum.  It not only is not consistent with its own mid-level wind forecast and the confluent flow creating that increased wind, but lags behind its counterparts.  Therefore, still really don't trust the GFS solution in the 12Z run.  Instead, the ECMWF, GGEM, GGEM Ensemble members and to a large extent the NMM have come around nicely, and fall in decent agreement at the 500 mb level.

At first, this seems to have implications only in the "timing" of the storm.  A more in-depth critique of what this really means, though, is that there's more than just timing at stake.  Rather, a quicker ejection of the shortwave trough implies a quicker return to warm and moist advection across the stalled front and into Southern New England.  One has to ask: Does the precipitation ever really stop?  If the warm advection and isentropic lift begins sooner, this doesn't give the high time to build in like the GFS is trying to do, thereby keeping ascent near the front over Southern New England and meaning that, especially the farther south one is, precipitation doesn't really stop.  It does, however, begin to morph.  The cold air streaming southward from the high over the St. Lawrence Valley that strengthens to either side of 1030 mb will make inroads in the lower levels of the atmosphere.  With a failure to bring in colder air aloft, however, we're going back to the seemingly unimportant point of interest discussed at the start of this discussion - the NMM's desire to charge the front through in its earlier runs, and the meaning of that with relation to dense, cold air.  This dense, cold air should seep southward and hold its own interior of a coastal frontal boundary.  This would appear to be a rain/snow line, but the failure of deeper cold air to establish into Southern and even South-Central New England implies it will be freezing and not frozen precipitation for these interior locales - freezing rain.  Farther north, there's great agreement among the NMM and ECMWF that the 850 mb 0 C line runs from Casco Bay to Bennington, Vermont.  This, however, is not the rain/snow line, because of an above freezing layer indicated in the NMM thermal profiles between 700 and 800 mb that penetrates even farther northwest, which makes sense with the lack of a good mid-level cooling signature.  Having said that, I think the NMM is still slightly too far north and west with the 850 and 700 mb front as a result of pulling the 500 mb vort center just a touch too far inland, but it is in good agreement with both the ECMWF and the GGEM, and is close enough to use as a decent guide.  Even a slight adjustment southeast keeps most of these Central New England areas as sleet and holds the snow line from Rutland, VT, to the Northern Lakes/Mount Washington Valley of NH, to Rumford, ME.

If I'm right on this setup, we have an almost all rain scenario for most of coastal Southern New England (surprise, surprise), a substantial freezing rain scenario for interior Southern and South-Central New England, a substantial sleet event for much of Central New England including Concord, NH, and Portland, ME, and a one to two foot snow event for some of Northern New England, from Central/North Central VT to the Mount Washington Valley to the Maine Mountains.

Remember that those of you who read this blog get my raw thoughts - I wouldn't necessarily go on the air with a map of hard and fast predictions for exact locations of ptype and amounts, because there is still lingering uncertainty with the storm track, and the efficiency of precipitation production, though I expect the latter to be high with differential temperature advection underway - warm advection aloft and cold advection below - and the cold side of the mid-level front should form the necessary deformation band on the cold side of its location to verify the heavy snow band in the North.

So, meteorologists and weather-enthusiasts alike have our work cut out for us.  Watch the GFS to come in line and just a touch farther southeast than the current NMM solution, and both should be fairly close in guidance prior to the event.  The biggest difference will probably come with regard to surface temp and the location for the freezing line, but the north-northeast component of the surface wind thanks to ageostrophic flow will favor colder farther south, especially given what is a good cold air damming and cold air drainage surface pattern with the strengthening then maintaining anticyclone to our northeast.

I invite your thoughts in the comments section of this post!